Cold and Flu 101
- from Humana Health and Wellness
Cold season usually peaks in December or January, while influenza generally peaks in February. It’s almost certain that you have or will come into contact with colds and the flu. Take measures to prevent catching them:
- Practice good hygiene
- Wash your hands frequently (for at least 20 seconds) with soap and water.
- Use hand sanitizer.
- Avoid touching your nose, mouth, and eyes.
- Clean objects that may come into contact with cold and flu germs frequently.
- Avoid or limit contact
- Avoid contact with sick people as much as possible.
- Avoid sharing objects, especially with people who are ill.
- Prepare your body for the fight
- Get plenty of sleep.
- Reduce stress.
- Eat right and exercise regularly.
- Get a flu shot.
- If you become infected, fight it
- See a doctor if you develop a fever higher than 100.4° F, have symptoms lasting more than 10 days, or are relieved by over-the-counter medications.
- Antiviral drugs can be used early to lessen symptoms and length. Antibiotics are not effective.
- Stay home from work or school. Avoid contact with people who may have a high risk of flu complications.
- Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. Cough or sneeze into a tissue or use your elbow or upper arm.
- Wash or sanitize your hands frequently.