CMS Issues Final Rule To Encourage Market Stability
- Cornerstone News
CMS issued a final rule intended “...to increase choices and encourage stability in the health insurance market for 2018.” The rule addresses:
- Standards related to special enrollment periods (SEPs)
- Guaranteed availability
- Timing of AEP and OEP for 2018
- Standards related to network adequacy and essential community providers for qualified health plans
- Actuarial value requirements
Health insurers frequently raise the issue of the abuse and misuse of SEPs, which may enable sick enrollees not entitled to an SEP to join plans outside of open enrollment. To combat this perceived abuse, CMS is requiring pre-enrollment verification of all SEP enrollments for states served by HealthCare.gov.
The open enrollment period for 2018 has been shortened to run from November 1 through December 15, 2017. While CMS states that this change will reduce opportunities for adverse selection, it will likely create challenges for those trying to enroll.
CMS is changing its interpretation of the guaranteed availability requirement to allow insurers to apply a premium payment to an individual’s past debt owed for coverage from the prior 12 months before applying the payment toward a new enrollment. This change is intended to encourage individuals to maintain continuous coverage throughout the year. Previously, insurers have provided anecdotal examples of individuals who paid premiums for 2-3 months while obtaining services, and then subsequently stopped paying their premiums, allowing their coverage to lapse. These individuals later re-enrolled with no consequence during the following OEP.
CMS will defer to individual state review of network adequacy, which will eliminate a duplicative review by the federal government.
Actuarial Value Requirements
CMS issued changes to the de minimis allowable variation in the actuarial value of a health plan. This change is intended to give insurers greater flexibility in creating lower cost plans, in an effort to attract younger and healthier enrollees.
While these changes are intended to stabilize the individual market, a great deal of uncertainty still surrounds the administration’s into to pay and preserve cost-sharing subsidies.